Toyota Corolla

1992-1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Toyota Corolla
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
- 2. Maintenance
   2.1. Specifications
   2.2. Arrangement of knots and details
   2.3. Check of level of liquids
   2.4. Check of a condition of tires and pressure in tires
   + 2.5. Servicing through each 5000 km or 3 months
   - 2.6. Servicing through each 12000 km or 6 months
      2.6.1. Check and replacement of brushes of a cleaner of a windscreen
      2.6.2. Check and adjustment of a free wheeling of a pedal of coupling
      2.6.3. Check of a condition and charging of the storage battery
      2.6.4. Drive belt
      2.6.5. Check of a condition of hoses in a motor compartment
      2.6.6. Check of system of cooling
      2.6.7. Shift of wheels
   + 2.7. Servicing through each 24000 km or 12 months
   + 2.8. Servicing through each 50000 km or 2 years
   + 2.9. Servicing through each 100000 km or 4 years
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Systems of cooling, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and semi-axes
+ 9. Brake system
+ 10. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment


2.6.3. Check of a condition and charging of the storage battery

GENERAL INFORMATION

Materials and tools for service of the storage battery

1. Protective mask. It is intended for protection of eyes against possible hit of the particles impregnated with acid when cleaning by a brush of the places struck with corrosion.
2. Baking soda. It is used in the form of water solution for acid neutralization.
3. Technical vaseline. It is intended for greasing of poles of the battery for the purpose of protection against corrosion.
4. The adaptation for cleaning of plugs and battery poles. The wire brush intended for reliable cleaning of plugs and poles of the battery.
5. Acidproof washers. Put on on battery poles under plugs of cables and are intended for protection of plugs from
corrosion.
6. Stripper. It is intended for a detachment of plugs of cables from battery poles after an otvorachivaniye of nuts and bolts in case of the complicated removal of plugs. Application of a stripper allows to remove plugs without damage of poles.
7. The adaptation for cleaning of plugs and battery poles, appointment same, as at the adaptation No. 4, differs the changed design.
8. Rubber gloves. One more protective tool, is intended for protection of hands against acid burns at battery service.

General procedure of check

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. A main objective of care of the battery is fast and reliable start of the engine. However, before the beginning of service of the battery be convinced that you have all necessary equipment for safe works near the battery (see fig. Materials and tools for service of the storage battery).
2. At battery service always it is necessary to observe precautionary measures. Before the beginning of works stop the engine and disconnect the battery from weight.
3. From the battery hydrogen, explosive and combustible gas is allocated. Therefore it is forbidden to use open fire near the battery (smoking, check of spark plugs etc.). The battery should be charged in a ventilated room.
4. The structure of electrolit includes poisonous and caustic sulfuric acid. Do not allow acid hit on eyes, skin, in a gullet and on clothes. At work near the battery dress a protective mask. Do not allow to the battery of children.
5. Check a battery condition external survey. Watch a condition of a protective rubber cover of a positive pole of the battery (if the cover is provided by a design). The cover should close a pole and the plug completely. Check existence of traces of corrosion on connections of the battery, cracks on the case and on a cover, watch durability of fastening of plugs. Check a condition of cables of the battery on all their length, watch emergence on isolation of cracks and traces retyranny.
6. At detection of traces of corrosion in the form of a white being shelled raid, especially round poles, the battery should be removed for cleaning.
7. A key release bolts of plugs, and disconnect at first a cable from weight and remove plugs. Sometimes, in case of damage лысок nuts corrosion, are applied to removal special пассатижи. Always the first disconnect a cable of a negative pole, and attach in the last turn.
8. Then unscrew a bolt of a clamping bracket of fastening of the battery, remove a bracket and get the battery from a motor compartment.
9. Carefully clear plugs of cables of corrosion by a special brush for cleaning of plugs and poles and wash out warm soda solution (internally the opening of the plug has a cone form for dense contact to a battery pole therefore do not remove a superfluous material). Wash out battery poles the same solution, however keep in mind that solution should not get in the battery.
10. When cleaning plugs, poles and battery covers always dress gloves and a protective mask, in order to avoid hit of any solution on hands and eyes. Work in old clothes, as at hit even the diluted chamois of acid inevitably prozhigany fabrics.
11. At strong defeat of poles by corrosion clear them the adaptation. Carefully wash out the distilled water all cleared sites. After cleaning of poles the last should be absolutely pure and to look brilliant. irrespective of a way of cleaning.
12. Be convinced of purity of a tray of the battery and integrity of a bolt and a nut of fastening of the battery. Check reliability of an inhaling of a bolt and a nut of fastening of the battery (are specified by shooters). If the battery acted in film, before its installation be convinced that on a tray I am absent any extraneous subjects. Do not apply big efforts at an inhaling of a bolt or a nut of a bracket of fastening of the battery.

Check of level of electrolit

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. On batteries with turning-out jams of sections level of electrolit should be checked (and at need and to be restored) in established periods. If the car is maintained at the increased ambient temperature, to check level of electrolit follows more often. In unattended batteries (on such batteries usually there is a marking on the top cover) restoration of level of electrolit it is not required, the battery has not folding design.
2. The case of some batteries is executed from a transparent material. Two marks are put on the case corresponding to the admissible bottom and top level of electrolit. If the car is on an equal platform, electrolit level should be in each section of the battery constantly between the specified marks. Level of electrolit should be in those batteries in which the case is executed from an opaque material, slightly above a protective lattice of section.
3. In need of filling arrive as follows. Turn out jams of sections and accurately add the distilled or deionizovanny water in each section to normal level. Excess of level is not allowed. After restoration of level put jams of sections into place.

Cleaning

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. On details of fastening of the battery, the case of the battery and in adjacent places it is possible to remove corrosion traces with water solution of baking soda with the subsequent careful washing by the distilled water.
2. All metal details of a body struck with corrosion, it is necessary to paint zinc soil and enamel.

Charging

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. If the battery is discharged to such an extent that unable to start the engine, the best means of restoration is the charging a small current. If short trips, i.e. intervals between engine start-up small are made, it is recommended to recharge the battery. Additional charge of the battery is especially necessary in the winter when conditions of start-up of the engine worsen and load of the battery because of more frequent inclusion of various consumers increases.
2. For a charging of the battery it is most expedient to use the low-power charger (with a current 1–2 And), sometimes the called "drop" rectifier. These devices are the most reliable and almost do not cause harm to the battery, besides cost their low. For the accelerated charging of the battery it is possible to use and the silnotochny device, however, the current of a charge should not exceed 1/10 capacities of the battery expressed in ampere-hours. The accelerated charging is applied to fast reduction of the battery in readiness for engine start-up (in 1–2 hours). However, the accelerated charging can lead to failure of obviously serviceable battery and apply such mode follows only for engine start-up in an emergency situation.
3. The most optimum time of a charge of the battery should be specified in the instruction to the charger. Rough time of a charge the "drop" rectifier makes 12–16 hours.