1992-1998 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Systems of cooling, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and semi-axes
- 9. Brake system
9.2. System of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS)
9.3. Brake shoes of forward brakes
9.4. Support of forward brakes
9.5. Brake shoes of back disk brakes
9.6. Support of back disk brakes
9.7. Brake disk
9.8. Brake shoes of back drum-type brakes
9.9. Working cylinder
9.10. Main cylinder of brake system
9.11. Brake hoses and tubes
9.12. Hydraulic system of brakes
9.13. Vacuum amplifier
9.14. Hand brake
9.15. Ropes of the hand brake
9.16. Brake pedal
9.17. Switch of headlights of a stoplight
9.18. The valve of restriction of the pressure, sensitive to car loading
+ 10. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment
9. Brake system
On the models described in this management, the hydraulic double-circuit brake system with division on lobbies and back wheels is established. On forward wheels disk brakes, and on back - drum-type or disk, depending on model are established. Both forward, and back brakes are self-regulating. Disk brakes are automatically regulated depending on wear of brake shoes, and drum-type brakes have the adjusting mechanism which is put in action at car statement on the hand brake.
The hydraulic system consists of two contours. The main cylinder of brake system has two tanks for two contours and, in case of leakage of brake liquid or an exit of one of contours out of operation, the second contour will work. The double valve of restriction of pressure which is established on a back wall of an impellent compartment, provides balance in force of braking between lobbies and back brakes. On models on which the system of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS) is established, the valve of restriction of the pressure, sensitive to car loading, limits pressure in a contour of back brakes depending on car loading.
The vacuum amplifier uses a difference between pressure in an inlet collector of the engine and atmospheric pressure for strengthening of brakes. It is established on a back wall of an impellent compartment.
The hand brake will involve only back brakes. The drive is carried out by means of ropes. The car is put on the hand brake by means of the lever established on the central console.
After dismantling any of elements of brake system, it is necessary to check work of brake system before the beginning of normal operation of the car. At check of brakes, carry out control braking on an equal, dry, flat surface. Carrying out check in other conditions can yield incorrect results.
Check work of brake system on various speeds and at various force of braking. Braking should be uniform and the car should not pull in any party. Try not to block brakes as it leads to car sliding, reduces efficiency of braking and controllability of the car.
Quality of tires, loading of the car and adjustment of wheels are the factors which are also influencing work of brakes.