Toyota Corolla

1992-1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Toyota Corolla
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
- 2. Maintenance
   2.1. Specifications
   2.2. Arrangement of knots and details
   2.3. Check of level of liquids
   2.4. Check of a condition of tires and pressure in tires
   + 2.5. Servicing through each 5000 km or 3 months
   + 2.6. Servicing through each 12000 km or 6 months
   + 2.7. Servicing through each 24000 km or 12 months
   + 2.8. Servicing through each 50000 km or 2 years
   + 2.9. Servicing through each 100000 km or 4 years
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Systems of cooling, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and semi-axes
+ 9. Brake system
+ 10. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment


2.3. Check of level of liquids

GENERAL INFORMATION

Liquids are applied in systems of greasing, cooling, brake system, etc., being the integral working component. Because in the course of driving there is a gradual consumption of liquid and / or pollution, even at normal operation of the engine, the amount of liquid should replenish periodically. Before restoration of level of liquids of systems, pick up brand of fresh liquid (see. "Recommended lubricants and liquids").


Prevention

Before check of level of liquids establish the car on an equal platform.


Oil level in the engine

Marks of level of oil

1. Mark of the smallest level of oil
2. Mark of the greatest level of oil
3. To add oil
4. Normal level
5. It is overflowed
PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Remove a carpet over a spare wheel in a luggage compartment. Unscrew the holder of a spare wheel. Control щуп is from the back party of the engine on the right.
2. Check oil level on the cold idle engine, or about 15 minutes later from the moment of its stop. If check of level of oil to make right after a trip, some part of oil remains in the top part of the engine and results of check will be erroneous.
3. Get control щуп from a tube and wipe it a pure rag or a paper napkin. Insert pure щуп back into a tube and again get. Check level on an oil film. Level of oil should is between risks of L and F control щупа, otherwise add oil enough, having finished level to a mark F (see fig. Marks of level of oil).
4. For level finishing from a mark L to a mark F it is necessary to add about 1,0 l of oil. Do not allow that level was below a mark L since it will lead to an engine exit out of operation. If level of oil is more norm (higher than a mark F), it will lead to a zamaslivaniye of candles, leakage of oil, or to epiploon failure.
5. To add oil remove a stopper of a maslozalivny mouth on a cover of the block of cylinders. Use a funnel not to spill oil. After a dolivka of oil wrap a stopper of a maslozalivny mouth by hand. Start the engine and attentively track emergence of any leaks via the oil filter or a drain stopper of the oil pallet.
6. Stop the engine, wait that oil flew down in the pallet from the top part of the block and a head of cylinders, then again check oil level. The being turned stopper of a jellied mouth of the oil filter settles down on a cover of a head of cylinders. Before unscrewing a stopper be convinced of purity of an adjacent surface to avoid dirt hit in the engine.
7. Check of level of oil – an important preventive measure of operations of maintenance. If oil level constantly goes down, the reason are an oil leak through the damaged epiploon, the weakened connections, or through piston rings or directing plugs of valves. If oil gets a dairy shade, or in oil water drops are observed, tightness of laying of a head of cylinders is broken. All this indicates need of immediate check of the engine. It is necessary to check an oil condition also regularly. Each time during check of level of oil before wiping щуп, clamp щуп two fingers and carry out on it up. If it is visible that between fingers and shchupy the remains of dirt or small metal particles get stuck, it is necessary to replace oil see subsection 2.5.2).

Cooling liquid

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. All cars considered in this Management, have the closed tight system of cooling of an elevated pressure. The broad tank of white color established in the left forward corner of a motor compartment, is connected by a hose to the basis of a stopper of a jellied mouth of a radiator.
2. In process of heating of cooling liquid in operating time of the engine there is a liquid replacement through a tight stopper of a jellied mouth of a radiator and a connecting hose in a broad tank. In process of engine cooling cooling liquid flows down back in cooling system, supporting necessary level. The broad tank is near the battery.
3. Level of cooling liquid should be checked regularly. Level should be between marks in Full tank (Full) and Low (Nizhny). Depending on engine temperature level will change. On the cold engine, level of cooling liquid should be a little higher than Low mark. On the heated-up engine level should coincide with Full mark, or be near this mark. If the provision of level does not correspond specified, after liquid cooling in a tank remove a stopper and add cooling liquid to Full mark. It is necessary to add only liquid on a basis этиленгликоля and waters, it is forbidden to add anticorrosive additives independently. If restoration of level of liquid needs absolutely small amount, it is possible to add water. However, frequent addition of water will lead to a razbavleniye of an initial mix of antifreeze and the water made in a recommended proportion. To support a proper correlation of antifreeze and water, it is recommended to add a mix of the necessary structure. The recommended composition of liquid in system of cooling is specified in the car maintenance instruction.
4. If later a short period after a dolivaniye level of liquid goes down, violation of tightness of system is possible. Check a radiator, hoses, a stopper of a jellied mouth, an inhaling of drain jams and the water pump. If obvious signs of a leak it is not revealed, check a radiator stopper, having handed over it in a car-care center workshop.
5. If it is necessary to open a cover of a jellied mouth of a radiator, wait complete cooling of system, then wrap up a stopper a thick layer of rags and turn it to the first emphasis. At emergence of steam wait while liquid will cool down completely, then remove a stopper.
6. At check of level of liquid always watch its condition. It should be rather transparent. If liquid gained brown color, or color of a rust, it is necessary to replace it, previously having washed out cooling system. Anticorrosive properties are exhausted over time, though liquid and can keep satisfactory appearance. Therefore it is necessary to replace liquid through certain periods.
7. Do not allow antifreeze hit on skin or on the painted surfaces of the car. In case of hit immediately wash out them a large amount of water.

Liquid of a washer of a windscreen

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Liquid of a washer of a windscreen contains in a plastic tank which settles down in on the right side motor compartment. In a temperate climate the tank of a stekloomyvatel can be up to the top filled in with pure water, however at long storage it should be filled no more than on two thirds to allow water to extend when freezing.
2. If the car is maintained in a frigid climate, in a tank of a stekloomyvatel it is necessary to fill in solution of special liquid with the lowered freezing point. Such liquid is available on sale either for the dealer, or in autoshops. Liquid mixes up with water, in a proportion specified by the manufacturer on container. It is forbidden to fill a tank of a stekloomyvatel with antifreeze from cooling system. It will lead to damage of coloring of the car.

Electrolit of the storage battery

PERFORMANCE ORDER
For check of level of electrolit (except cars completed with unattended batteries) unscrew a stopper. Level should be between the top and bottom control marks. If level is near the bottom mark, add the distilled water. Establish and reliably tighten a stopper.

Liquid of a hydraulic actuator of brakes and coupling

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The main cylinder of brakes is mounted on the vacuum amplifier in a motor compartment. In the main cylinder of coupling provided on cars from a manual transmission, is near the main cylinder of brakes.
2. Liquid level in a nutritious tank of the main brake cylinder, or in a tank of the cylinder of coupling, is determined by Min and Max marks. Liquid level in both tanks should be near Max mark.
3. If liquid level in both tanks is lower normal, remove jams from tanks, previously having wiped a surface of tanks pure rags in order to avoid pollution of a hydraulic actuator of brakes or coupling.
4. In tanks of the main cylinder of brakes and coupling add only special liquid (the brand of liquid is specified at the beginning of this chapter in the section "Recommended lubricants and liquids", or in the maintenance instruction of your car). Mixing of liquids of various types is not allowed, as can put system out of action. Fill a nutritious tank of a hydraulic actuator of brakes only to a dashed line, the correct level will be established after you will put a stopper into place.
5. After removal of a stopper of a tank, check existence of pollution in a tank. In the presence of a deposit, particles of dirt or water drops liquid should be merged and replaced new (the liquid replacement procedure in a hydraulic actuator of coupling and brakes is described in subsection 8.2.5 and subsection 9.12).
6. After restoration of level of liquid in tanks be convinced of reliability of fastening of jams to avoid leakage of liquid and (or) pressure drop in system.
7. Level of brake liquid will go down in process of natural wear of brake shoes. Need of a frequent dolivka of liquid in a tank of the main cylinder of brakes is a leak sign in the brake system which reason it is necessary to find and eliminate immediately. Check all connections and a condition of tubes and hoses of a brake contour, and also wheel cylinders and the vacuum amplifier (see subsection 2.7).
8. If at check of level of liquid in a tank of the main brake cylinder absence (or nearly total absence) liquids is revealed, immediate check of brake system (see subsection 9.12) is required.