1992-1998 of release
Repair and car operation
- 1. Maintenance instruction
1.2. Codes of models
1.3. Control panel
+ 1.4. Combination of devices
- 1.5. Governing bodies and instrumentations
1.5.1. Keys for the car
1.5.2. Immobilizer system (recognition of a code of start-up of the engine)
1.5.3. Locking of doors
1.5.4. Electric equipment of doors
1.5.5. Drive of glasses
1.5.6. Trunk lid
1.5.7. Back door
1.5.9. Stopper of a jellied mouth of a fuel tank
1.5.10. The hatch with the electric drive
1.5.11. Adjustment of forward seats
1.5.12. Addition of a back seat
1.5.13. Head restraint
1.5.14. Seat heater
1.5.15. Safety cushions for the driver and the passenger
1.5.16. Elements of system of additional damping at failure
1.5.17. Adjustment of an inclination of a steering wheel
1.5.18. Rear-view mirror
1.5.19. Headlights and indexes of turns
1.5.20. Adjustment of a beam of light of headlights
1.5.21. Signal of an emergency stop and regulator of illumination of devices
1.5.22. Back antifog lamps
1.5.23. Lamps of internal lighting
1.5.24. Inclusion of a cleaner and windscreen washer
1.5.25. Inclusion of a cleaner and washer of back glass
1.5.26. Heater of back glass
1.5.27. Index of level of fuel
1.5.28. The index of temperature of cooling liquid
1.5.31. Counter of the total passable way
1.5.32. Light indexes and warning signals
1.5.33. Lock of ignition and lock of a steering column
1.5.34. 3-step automatic transmission
1.5.35. 4-step automatic transmission
1.5.36. Mechanical transmission
1.5.37. System of blocking of interaxal differential
1.5.38. Hand brake
1.5.39. Radio receiver AM-UKV with electronic control
1.5.40. An AM-VHF-radio tape recorder with electronic control
1.5.41. Adjustment of the direction of a stream of air
1.5.43. Lighter and ashtray
1.5.44. Perchatochny box
1.5.45. The container for trifles
1.5.46. A framework for luggage transportation (a body the Versatile person)
1.5.47. Trunk lid
1.5.48. Superimposed rug of a floor
1.5.49. Period of a running in of the car
1.5.51. Threefold catalytic converter
1.5.52. Oil expenditure engine
1.5.54. Ruled cargo placements in a luggage carrier
1.5.55. Identification data of the car
+ 1.6. Start-up of the engine and driving
1.8. Adjusting data, refueling capacities and liquids
+ 1.9. Possible malfunctions
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Systems of cooling, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and semi-axes
+ 9. Brake system
+ 10. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment
Purpose of oil of the engine
Oil in the engine is intended for greasing of rubbing details and decrease in temperature at a friction. Oil plays the major role at maintenance of operability of the engine.
Consumption of oil
The small consumption of oil in use the serviceable engine is allowed. The raised consumption of oil the engine is caused by the following reasons.
Oil provides greasing of pistons, piston rings and cylinders. Between the piston and the cylinder there is an oil film which the piston perceives at movement down at a step of an admission or a working course.
When braking by the engine depression because of which there is a zasasyvaniye of an oil film and oil on cylinder walls in cylinder volume is created, and further oil burns down at influence of the heated gases in the course of combustion.
Oil also is used for greasing of cores of inlet valves.
A quantity of oil is sucked in in the chamber of combustion and burns down together with fuel.
High-temperature exhaust gases also дожигают oil which arrives for greasing of cores of final valves.
The consumption of oil depends on viscosity of oil, its quality and conditions of driving of the car.
The consumption of oil increases at high speed of movement, at frequent dispersals and accelerations.
Consumption of oil the new engine above as occurs extra earnings of pistons and rings to walls of cylinders.
Normal consumption of oil – no more than 1 l on 1000 km.
At check of level of oil keep in mind that because of an oil razzhizheniye true level difficultly to define.
For example, if on the car repeating short trips and a consumption of oil in norm are made, after run of 1000 km and more on щупе will not be observed at all level falling. It is connected with that oil is gradually diluted by fuel or moisture because of what the impression as if the consumption of oil in general is absent is made.
If then the trip with high speed is made, there is a strengthened evaporation of components diluting oil, and the impression as if the consumption of oil is higher than norm is made.