1992-1998 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
- 3. Engines
- 3.1. Petrol engines
+ 3.1.1. Repair work without engine dismantle from the car
- 3.1.2. Dismantle and major maintenance
22.214.171.124. Engine diagnostics by means of a vakuumer
126.96.36.199. Compression check in engine cylinders
+ 188.8.131.52. Dismantle of the power unit - methods and safety measures
184.108.40.206. Alternatives of major maintenance of the engine
220.127.116.11. Order of dismantling of the engine
18.104.22.168. Head of the block of cylinders
22.214.171.124. Repair of valves
126.96.36.199. Shatunno-porshnevaya group
188.8.131.52. Crankshaft dismantle
184.108.40.206. Block of cylinders
220.127.116.11. Honningovaniye of cylinders
18.104.22.168. Cranked shaft
22.214.171.124. Radical and shatunny bearings
126.96.36.199. Engine assembly order
188.8.131.52. Piston rings
184.108.40.206. Installation of a cranked shaft and check of gaps of radical bearings
220.127.116.11. Back epiploon
18.104.22.168. Installation of shatunno-piston group
22.214.171.124. Engine start-up after repair and a running in
+ 3.2. Diesel engine
+ 3.3. Engine electric equipment
+ 4. Systems of cooling, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and semi-axes
+ 9. Brake system
+ 10. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment
3.1.2. Dismantle and major maintenance
Check of pressure of oil by means of a manometer screwed to the place of the sensor of pressure of oil
Sensor of pressure of oil
In this subsection the order of performance of such works as dismantle of the power unit from the car and major maintenance of a head of the block of cylinders, the block of cylinders / case of the crankshaft, and other details of the engine is in detail considered.
Advice on preparation and the organization of works on major maintenance and acquisition of spare parts is given, procedures of removal, check of a technical condition, repair and installation of knots and engine details are in detail described.
Since the following subsection the description is kept in the assumption that the engine is removed from the car. The description of types of repair without removal of the engine from the car is provided in subsection 3.1.1. The order of removal and installation of external knots and the units of the engine necessary for performance of major maintenance, is given in subsection 126.96.36.199.
All standard data necessary for check of a technical condition and major maintenance which procedures are described below are provided in the beginning пораздела. Additional data are provided in subsection 188.8.131.52.
Major maintenance of the engine – general comments
It is not always easy to come to a conclusion about expediency of complete major maintenance of the engine as it is necessary to be based on a number of objective indicators.
Big run is not a sufficient indicator of need of carrying out major maintenance, on the other hand, small run does not exclude need of carrying out major maintenance. The most important indicator most likely is timeliness of the current maintenance of the engine. At timely change of oil and the filter, and also at performance of all other necessary works on service, the engine serves reliably throughout many thousand kilometers of run. On the contrary, insufficient on volume or untimely maintenance can be at the bottom of sharp reduction of a resource of the engine.
The raised consumption of oil indicates wear of the piston rings, directing plugs of valves and maslosjemny caps. It is necessary to be convinced that leaks are not at the bottom of the raised consumption of oil, and only after that to draw a conclusion about unfitness of piston rings and directing plugs of valves. To define a probable cause of malfunction, measure a compression in engine cylinders (see subsection 184.108.40.206).
Carry out also tests by means of the vacuum gage and define character of indications of this device (see subsection 220.127.116.11).
Check pressure of oil a manometer screwed to the place of the sensor of pressure of oil (see fig. Check of pressure of oil by means of a manometer screwed to the place of the sensor of pressure of oil) also compare result of check to standard value. If pressure of oil low, the reason can be wear of radical and shatunny bearings or details of the oil pump.
Capacity loss, "failures" in operation of the engine, a detonation or the metal knocks, the increased noise from the gas-distributing mechanism, indicate the increased fuel consumption need of carrying out major maintenance, especially, if all these signs of abnormal work are shown at the same time. If performance of all adjustments does not lead to improvement, the unique means of elimination of abnormal operation of the engine is major maintenance. Major maintenance consists in restoration of details of the engine to a condition specified in specifications for the new engine. At carrying out major maintenance pistons and piston rings are replaced, chiseled or хоннингуются cylinders. After repair of cylinders which is carried out in a specialized workshop, installation of repair pistons is required. Shatunnye and radical loose leaves of the crankshaft, and also a cover of basic necks of a cam-shaft also are subject to replacement, if necessary follows прошлифовать crankshaft necks before restoration of normal gaps with shatunny and radical loose leaves. As a rule, valves, as their condition at the moment of repair as a rule not the absolutely satisfactory are subject to repair also. During major maintenance of the engine repair of such units as a starter, the generator and the ignition distributor also is carried out. As a result repaired engine should possess qualities of the new unit and sustain considerable run without refusals.
Before the beginning of major maintenance of the engine familiarize with the description of the corresponding procedures that there was an impression of the forthcoming amount of works and requirements to them. At observance of all norms and rules, in the presence of all necessary tools and adaptations, it is simply to execute major maintenance, considerable expenses of time however be required. Roughly not less than two weeks, especially are required if for repair and restoration of details it is necessary to address in a specialized workshop. Check existence of spare parts and in advance take care of acquisition of necessary special tools and the equipment. Almost all works can be executed by means of a standard tool kit though exact measuring devices will be necessary for check and determination of suitability of these or those details. Often check of a condition of details carry out in specialized workshops in which also receive recommendations about replacement or restoration of these or those details.
As the condition of the block of cylinders is defining factor of decision-making on its further repair or about purchase new (or repair) the block of cylinders, to buy spare parts or to carry out operations on machining of accompanying details follows only after careful check of its technical condition. Make it a rule that the true price of repair is time, – then it is not necessary to pay for installation of the worn-out or restored details.
In summary we will note that assembly of any units should be carried out with all care in a pure room to avoid further failures of the repaired engine and to provide its reliable work.