+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
- 3. Engines
+ 3.1. Petrol engines
+ 3.2. Diesel engine
- 3.3. Engine electric equipment
3.3.3. Power cables
3.3.4. Ignition system
3.3.5. Ignition coil
3.3.6. Ignition distributor
3.3.7. Check and installation of the moment of ignition
3.3.8. Block of electronic ignition
3.3.9. Induction sensor
3.3.10. System of a charge of the battery
3.3.12. Generator details
3.3.13. System of start-up of the engine
3.3.14. Starter electric motor
+ 4. Systems of cooling, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and semi-axes
+ 9. Brake system
+ 10. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment
Scheme of a chain of a charge of the battery
2. Main fusible crossing point
3. Control lamp of the category
4. Zazhtganiye key
5. A fusible insert of GAUGE on 10 And
7. The built-in regulator of tension
8. Only in cars for the USA
9. Stator winding
10. Rotor winding
Standard arrangement of a fusible crossing point of inserts
2. Main fusible crossing point
3. A fusible insert of AM2 on 30 And
4. A fusible insert of AM1 on 40 And
|5. A fusible insert of IGN on 10 And
6. Melting GAUGE insert on 10 And
7. A fusible insert of ALT-S on 7,5 And
8. A fusible insert of ALT N on 100 And
The scheme for check of a current of the category of the battery
Cистема of a charge consists of the generator of the alternating current which has been built in the generator of a regulator of tension, a chain of a control lamp of a charge, the battery, a fusible crossing point and connecting wires (see fig. Scheme of a chain of a charge of the battery). At collaboration of these devices a food of such consumers as ignition system, lighting and alarm system devices, a radio receiver is provided, etc. The drive of the generator is carried out from a belt in a forward part of the engine.
3. Disconnect a wire from a conclusion In
The cars considered in the real Management, are completed with generators of Nippondenso and Delco firms manufacturers.
The regulator of tension is intended for maintenance of tension of the generator at the set level. At sharp increase of tension on a generator exit the regulator prevents current and overload throws in a power-supply circuit.
The fusible crossing point represents a separate piece of a wire which is included consistently with a bunch of connecting wires from the battery and is bred in a motor compartment (see fig. Standard arrangement of a fusible crossing point of inserts). Along with the main crossing point the system of a charge includes additional fusible inserts which represent wire pieces with strictly set area of cross-section section. The area of section of inserts is less than at wires of that chain which is protected by this insert. More detailed information on fusible inserts is provided in subsection 12.2.
Periodic care of charge system as a rule it is not required. However, it is necessary to examine periodically a belt of a drive of the generator, the battery and connecting wires (survey is carried out with periodicity through each 12000 km or 6 months).
The control lamp of a charge on the dashboard lights up at inclusion of ignition and after start-up of the engine dies away. If the lamp does not die away after engine start-up, in a chain of a charge is faulty. Some cars are equipped with the voltmeter. If the voltmeter shows very high or very low voltage, the chain of a charge needs check (see subsection 3.3.4).
At connections of wires of an internal chain of the car and external devices it is necessary to observe the following precautionary measures:
– at connection of the battery with the generator always observe polarity of connection;
– before repair of any site of the car by electric welding disconnect wires from the generator and from a battery conclusion;
– is inadmissible to start the engine at the connected charger;
– before charger connection always disconnect cables of a chain of the car from both poles of the battery;
– be careful of hit under a generator belt on the working engine of hands, hair, clothes edges;
– the generator is attached directly to the battery therefore at a zakorachivaniye of conclusions of the generator, or at its overload, formation of an arch and a fire is possible;
– before engine washing by a vapor jet cover the generator a polyethylene film and fix a film a rubber bandage.
| PERFORMANCE ORDER
|1. Check a condition and a tension of a belt of the generator. At detection of signs of wear a belt replace.
|2. Check an inhaling of bolts of fastening of the generator and an adjusting bolt of a tension of a belt.
|3. Check conducting of the generator and a tension regulator, reliability of fastening and a condition of sockets.
|4. Check a fusible crossing point which is connected to a positive pole of the battery, and the fusible crossing points located in a motor compartment. At detection of the fused inserts find out the reason and eliminate, replace fusible inserts (at a peregoraniye of inserts the engine will not be started, devices of electric equipment of the car also will not work).
|5. Check a condition of all fusible inserts which are included in a chain of a charge of the battery (see fig. Standard arrangement of a fusible crossing point of inserts). The place of installation of inserts depends from a year of release of the car, however, all inserts have identical designations. The main fusible crossing point – 3,0W, inserts: Alt H (80–100 And), AM1 (40 And), AM2 (30 And), IG (10 And), Gauge (10 And) and ALT–S (7,5 And).
|6. Start the engine and check a sound published by the generator (the howling or squealing sound indicates wear of bearings).
|7. Check electrolit density in the battery. If density low, charge the battery (this point does not belong to unattended batteries).
|8. Check completeness of a charge of the battery (at faulty section of the battery its recharge is possible).
|9. Disconnect cables from the battery (at first from a negative pole, then from positive).
Before a detachment of cables be convinced that to you the code of a raskodirovka of a radio tape recorder (if the last is equipped with the blocking device in case of plunder) is known. Check a condition of poles of the battery and terminal tips of cables. If necessary clear plugs and poles. Attach a cable to a positive pole of the battery, then to the negative.
|10. Check tension on the battery on the idle engine. Tension should be about 12 Century.
|11. Start the engine and again check tension which should be now from 13,5 to 15, 1 Century.
|12. Include a driving beam of headlights. At normal work of system of a charge tension should fall and again increase.
|13. If tension is higher than normal tension of a charge, replace a tension regulator.
|14. If tension is lower normal, check a regulator and the generator, having arrived as follows.
||15. Remove from the generator a back cover, connect to weight F conclusion (it is specified by an arrow), start the engine, consider tension on the battery and compare to the standard. If tension is higher standard, replace a tension regulator. If tension is lower standard, check the generator (or in the absence of the ampermeter hand over in a car-care center workshop).
|16. If there is an ampermeter, include it in the charging scheme (see fig. The scheme for check of a current of the category of the battery). In the absence of the ampermeter it is possible to use the current transformer. This device inexpensive, always is available on sale and gives quite exact evidences.
|17. Finish engine turns to 2000 rpm, measure a current at the switched-off consumers. Then include a driving beam of headlights and the heater fan (the switch establish in the situation HI). Measure a current and compare to the values given in subsection 3.3.1.
|18. If the measured current less standard, repair or replace the generator.