1992-1998 of release
Repair and car operation
- 1. Maintenance instruction
1.2. Codes of models
1.3. Control panel
+ 1.4. Combination of devices
+ 1.5. Governing bodies and instrumentations
- 1.6. Start-up of the engine and driving
1.6.1. Check before engine start-up
1.6.2. Check after engine start-up
1.6.3. Driving receptions
+ 1.6.4. Trailer towage
1.6.5. Actions at refusal of start-up of the engine
1.6.6. Obligatory set of tools and spare wheel
1.6.7. Wheel replacement
1.6.8. Car towage
1.6.9. Motor compartment
1.6.10. Arrangement of safety locks
1.6.11. Check of level of oil in the engine
1.6.12. Choice of brand of oil
1.6.13. Check of level of cooling liquid
1.6.14. Composition of cooling liquid
1.6.15. Pressure check in tires
1.6.16. Replacement of tires
1.6.17. Shift of wheels
1.6.18. Installation of winter tires and chains
1.6.19. Precautionary measures for cast aluminum disks
1.6.20. Check of an external condition of the battery
1.6.21. Check of level of electrolit
1.6.22. Battery charging
1.6.23. Check and replacement of safety locks
+ 1.6.24. Replacement of lamps
1.8. Adjusting data, refueling capacities and liquids
+ 1.9. Possible malfunctions
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Systems of cooling, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and semi-axes
+ 9. Brake system
+ 10. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment
At a strong lateral wind reduce speed that will increase controllability.
Call in on borders or barriers slowly, it is desirable at right angle. Avoid arrivals on acting sharp subjects and potholes. Otherwise the rupture of a tire is possible.
At a parking on an abrupt slope turn forward wheels against the stop in a border that will exclude spontaneous movement the nakaty. Put the car on the hand brake and put the lever in situation P (on automatic transmission) or include the first transfer (on mechanical KP). If necessary substitute under block wheels.
Features of driving of cars with a wheel formula 4х4
Pressure in tires should correspond to norm (see subsection 2.1).
For preservation of efficiency of a drive on all wheels wear of tires of all wheels should be uniform.
Periodically rearrange wheels (cм. subsection 2.6.7).
For passableness increase at movement on dirt, sand or snow on forward wheels dress chains.
Right after overcoming of the almost impassable road (dirt, waters, etc.) check work of brakes.
When driving under trying conditions it is necessary to reduce terms of periodic service.
Features of driving in winter conditions
The system of cooling should be filled with antifreeze on a basis этиленгликоля.
Check a condition of the battery and power cables.
At low temperature the capacity of the battery goes down. Therefore for engine start-up in winter conditions the battery should be completely charged and serviceable.
Be convinced that viscosity of oil in the engine corresponds to an operation season.
Application of summer brands of oil with the increased viscosity complicates engine start-up. Consult in car-care center service concerning a choice of brand of oil for a winter season.
Take measures against an obmerzaniye of locks of doors. For this purpose dig in wells special means against an icing of locks or glycerin. Before unlocking of a door heat up a key.
In a tank of a stekloomyvatel fill in the liquid containing special antifreeze. It is not allowed to use for washing of glasses antifreeze from system of cooling of the engine which destroys body coloring.
At frosts do not put the car on the hand brake.
At a parking include the first transfer or transfer the lever to situation P (on automatic transmission). When freezing the got moisture the mechanism of the hand brake can not release a wheel.
Do not allow a congestion under wings of snow and ice which complicate turn of wheels. When driving in snow weather occasionally stop and check a snow congestion under wings.
When driving in the winter it is under trying conditions recommended to carry with itself certain accessories: chains, a shovel for snow, a sack with sand or salt, alarm rockets, starting cables, etc.