Toyota Corolla

1992-1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Toyota Corolla
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Systems of cooling, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and semi-axes
+ 9. Brake system
+ 10. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment



1.1. Introduction

GENERAL INFORMATION

The most available to TOYOTA

In the general statistics of the Corolla company occupies leading situation on sales among other models of Toyota firm. But if separately to take the Russian market, the picture leaves other. Here Corolla overtake also numerous "toyotovsky" jeeps, and larger sedans. However buyers of available, costing cheaper $20.000 foreign cars becomes more and more. Therefore in some years of Corolla Ц or her successor, Ц it is possible, becomes N1 Toyota and in our market.

You can judge appearance of the car according to photos. Sound "Japanese", and hardly at whom will turn language to call design of the car out-of-date. In comparison with the Korean Corolla models competing at the price looks more modern and solid. Against the European competitors at Corolla one advantage: it simply more.

On the test the inexpensive Corolla version for $19.100 (retail price) was provided to us. The car is equipped with the carburetor motor in volume of 1,3 l and capacity of 75 h.p. Electric drives are not present. There is no power steering. The control panel according to a complete set is very avaricious Ц there is no even a tachometer. The Korean automakers offer in this sector better the completed cars, but... Toyota is a name which stands high.

Day at a wheel

We sit down in the car and we look round. The salon is simple in furnish, but thus meets all requirements of Japanese quality. Seats are fitted by a dense raznofakturny fabric of two flowers. Plastic panels are driven to each other with limiting accuracy. Plastic Ц deep black color and in any way does not make impression cheap. The doubt causes the receiver implanted into the central console with the liquid crystal screen. Yes, receiver, instead of radio tape recorder. And if we prefer to listen to cartridges? Everything, however, speaks simply: the car provided to us serves in office of hire of firm "Carat Business", and a radio receiver instead of a radio tape recorder on the rolling car Ц the phenomenon ordinary worldwide. Another is important: Corolla provided to us ran over 7000 km so we had possibility to get acquainted with the rolled car.

... Driving uncertainly crawls on a seat. It would be desirable or to lower slightly a chair pillow, or slightly to raise a steering column. But these adjustments are not provided. We agree in opinion that with small losses this problem can be solved, having established a wheel of smaller diameter.

On departure from parking the driver was false in work with coupling, and the motor stopped. Attempts to get it were stopped by an immobilizer entering into base equipment. It is necessary to do the necessary procedure: to recover the engine, it is necessary to pull out a key from the ignition lock, to stick with a key dangling in the form of a charm an immobilizer into a special groove on the other hand from a steering column, then again to insert the ignition key for motor start. Difficult, but than you will not renounce for the sake of safety?

Having traveled on narrow snow-covered small streets, we get out on the wide Moscow avenue frozen to pure asphalt. Corolla with unexpected ease speeds up. You will not manage to look back, as on a speedometer "hundred twenty". And to yourself you ask a question: why "nine", having the same four cylinders, the same capacity and the same carburetor through which there is the same 92nd gasoline, "runs" in a different way? With an anguish, a strained roar of the engine as if the semi-ton trailer is behind dragged...

"Well and where you drive?" Ц sitting on the right more than once asked this question to the driver. Not "where?", and "why?". Simply at Corolla such character. It is not too persuasive, but nevertheless sets on the driver to go slightly quicker. On high turns in a voice of the engine provocative "sports" notes are audible, transfers are switched with a special juicy sound, as if in the Celica sporty coupe. Therefore at a wheel of Corolla it would be desirable to make superfluous overtaking evolution, without special need to pass on lowering and... even to cross swords to big Mercedes.

The swarty big-nosed citizen driving a German mastodon looked at our modest Corolla with semi-contempt when on a traffic light her narrow nose squeezed between "Mercedes" and truck. And in thoughts was not with it to compete, but somehow by itself it turned out that after "green" we appeared ahead. We overtake on the right "Gazelle" slowly going on the average to a row.  рутанув the motor, we manage to slip before a nose of a trolleybus sailing away from the sidewalk and at the left, on counter, we bypass a chain of cars starting from the following intersection. Corolla goes as on a thread. Rigid (with such reliable kondovost) the suspension bracket and besides a rigid, distinct wheel do driving in such style quite pleasant.... Behind the back as if steamship beep began to roar. There is that "Mercedes" of which we and forgot to think, still try to settle score. A minute later light of its nervously pomargivayushchy headlights remains far behind. Excuse, the guy, we not on an autobath.

Op-lya! Having become proud of a victory over the first class German equipment, driving forgot about elementary care and in full operation forced the broken tram moving. Having checked safety of lenses in a lens and seals in teeth, the photographer asked to be more careful from now on. We noted that the suspension bracket did not work "on a release". Early rejoiced. When is closer to the suburb normal Moscow roads with habitual percent of potholes began, the suspension bracket of Corolla began to seem already too rigid. "Tiresomely rigid", - as noted one of us. And дорвавшийс to a wheel the bore photographer started to complain of a heavy wheel. "Not heavy, but rigid and exact", Ц we tried to teach it, but after all and actually the wheel at Corolla is heavier, than, for example, at front-wheel VAZs.

Normal family car

Let's note at once what to buy Corolla to women or for the woman it is not necessary. For them it is better to pick up something more graceful and comfortable. And Toyota Corolla is normal "a working horse", the good family car. Monday through Friday it will perfectly look on parking near office, and on days off Ц at a giving porch. And it will proceed so many years, the owner of the car how many will want. After all even short acquaintance to Toyota Corolla causes feeling of good quality and durability.

Yes, inhabitants of the large cities sated with services of various automakers, presume to themselves for this money the car more difficult and is richer equipped, but for the province extremely simple Corolla remains to one of few unpretentious and at the same time prestigious models $20.000 are cheaper.

Technical characteristics (for all models and updatings)


Engine, l
1,3i
1,6i 16V
1,6i 20V
1,6i 16V
2,0 of D
Engine displacement, cm/cube
1331
1587
1587
1587
1975
Capacity, h.p. at rpm
88/100/6200
107/114/6000
160/7400
170/6400
72/4600
Diameter of the cylinder x Piston stroke, mm
74,0 x 77,4
81,0 x 77
81,0 x 77
81,0 x 77
86,0 x 85,0
Extent of compression
9,5
9,5
10,5
8,9
23,0
Fuel consumption (average), l
7,2
7,4
8,0-14,0
8,0-15,0
5,6
Maximum speed, km/h
165/175
180/195
210/215
220
165